biometric

This is a useful publication by the World Bank Group on how ID systems are being used for development in Africa. See/Download here:

Identification Systems in Africa SynthesisofIDDAssessments-PUBLIC

Original source:

http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/156111493234231522/pdf/114628-WP-68p-TheStateofIdentificationSystemsinAfricaASynthesisofIDDAssessments-PUBLIC.pdf